Freight forwarding and shipping

Freight forwarding service provider may or may not be directly involved in the movement of the goods. But, its main duty is to act as an intermediary or point of contact between the client and the transportation services involved in the transport of goods.

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Freight forwarding assumes significance in view of globalization. As competition heats up between companies and more and more companies cling desperately to their market shares, many companies have taken up export and import of goods. In this scenario, the timely and seamless transfer of goods assumes great significance.

When products are moved from one place to another, a number of legalities associated with transportation and carriers have to be taken care of. The process may be undertaken by a single carrier or a number of carriers. The route could be single or a more complicated route. Thus, there are too many variables to be taken care of and businesses prefer to let experts handle the transportation of goods. Freight forwarding and shipping agencies handle the transportation of goods for the client, which would otherwise have been a harrowing experience for clients.

Reputed freight forwarding and shipping services offer a guarantee that products that are being transferred will move to the destination on the right date and in good condition. To facilitate this, freight forwarding and shipping agencies have great working relationships with all kinds of carriers, whether they are trucking companies, air freighters or rail freight companies. Before shipping the goods, freight forwarding companies will negotiate the price for the movement of the product along the most economical routes. They work on various bids and choose an option that has the right balance between cost, speed and reliability.

But freight forwarding is more than just liaising with transport agencies. Most freight forwarders undertake to transfer goods to a particular destination before a particular date and in good condition. When needed, they also provide clients with necessary advice regarding routes and services. Often, they will also make an estimate of the costs involved, taking into account a number of factors like the distance between the two places, the kind of transportation and the manner in which transportation will take place. In case of special considerations like refrigeration or careful handling, the price will go up. Once the client agrees to the estimate given by the company, the freight forwarding and shipping service gets into action.

The advantage of freight forwarding and shipping services is that they handle ancillary services that are a part of the shipping. Thus, they take care of documentation like maintaining the bill of lading, warehousing and methods of payment. In short, they act as the arm of the business that actually transfers raw materials and/or finished goods between destinations.

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byAlma Abell

If you own a home in the Rochester New York area, your roof is going to take a beating over the years. With what can be rather significant amounts of winter weather as well as rain and heat and a great deal of sunlight over the summer months, these extreme weather conditions can take its toll on your home’s roof. That will lead to the necessity of roof repairs as well as roof for placement as the years go by and order to do that a reputable Rochester, New York Roofing company is going to be vital to keeping your life free of roofing problems at home.

There are many roofing companies in the Rochester New York area to choose from but a company that has a great reputation for quality service and competitive prices and a company you years of experience in the roofing industry and serving the local Rochester New York area, there are few companies that are better suited to handling any roofing issues you may be experiencing.

It’s important to focus on the fact this company has been in business for so many years. When it comes to qualities that make a good roofing company, longevity is one of them. There are so many individuals and companies that pop up overnight and leave just as quickly. Sometimes, these businesses are nothing but scams looking to take your money and giving you no work or no solutions to your roofing problems in return. However a company like Northside Roofing is a company that isn’t going to disappear overnight. With a long-standing in the roofing industry and ties to the local community, they have a reputation to uphold which means they’re going to do their best to ensure that you are satisfied with the services they provided for your roofing situation.

If you want to get more information on the services that Northside roofing has to offer, get in contact them over the phone or for more convenience, you can simply visit Northsidecompany.com. You’ll get a comprehensive look at some of the work that they’ve done, You can learn more about the company and you can discuss any roofing issues you may be experiencing.

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Parajet Skycar expedition takes off from London to Timbuktu

Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Two explorers have set off from Knightsbridge, London Wednesday morning (0900 GMT) in a propeller-powered dune buggy heading for the Sahara. Giles Cardozo, age 29, from Dorset, with chief pilot and expedition leader Neil Laughton, age 45, an ex-SAS officer, will fly and drive the amazing two-seater vehicle more than 6,000-km (3,750-miles) to fabled Timbuktu on February 20.

“I just can’t wait to see their faces when we fly in and start playing football with them. I don’t think they will be able to believe somebody in a flying car has just visited them,” ‘extreme golfer’ Mr Laughton said before the departure. Timbuktu (Timbuctoo; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu; French: Tombouctou) is an isolated city in Tombouctou Region, in the West African nation of Mali. They will traverse Europe and Africa about 42 days to arrive at the city in Mali, West Africa before returning home via Senegal.

The home-made 450-kilogram Skycar has been designed by Cardozo in just 18 months. It is the world’s first road legal bio fuelled flying car. It is a four cylinders modified Rage Motorsport off-road racing buggy which was approved by the government last month. It runs on bioethanol and is powered by a modified 140bhp Yamaha R1 superbike engine with a lightweight automatic continuously variable transmission from a snowmobile.

The team invested about £250,000 ($380,000) to make the 1000cc engine Skycar desert-proof. In its maiden voyage, the flying car will be escorted by up to 13 people convoy including an eight-wheel truck, two Toyota Land Cruiser 4x4s and several motorbikes. It has left London’s Sheraton Park Tower hotel, heading through the capital to Dunsfold airfield in Surrey.

The team had initially planned to take the air route across the English Channel, but the 35km flight was vetoed by aviation authorities. Skycar is required by law to obtain a license from Britain’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), including a permit from the British Microlight Aircraft Association (BMAA). Skycar spokeswoman, Charlie Bell, however clarified that the team was “in liaison with the CAA and they are looking to finalize the permit,” adding that it is in order for the rest of the trip.

The Skycar will thereafter fly over the high-altitude Pyrenees near Andorra, and would cross over the 14-km (nine-mile) Strait of Gibraltar. The prepared journey also includes the route through Mauritania, Atlas Mountains in Morocco and into Mali. It will further cross the harsh environment of Sahara’s remote “Rub’ al Khali” (empty quarter), for up to two weeks amid real fears of terrorist attacks.

The expedition will not have an easy task, especially since the Skycar will be tested to the limits amid punishing operating environments and weather conditions. “Clearly the reliability of the car is crucial,” said Mr Laughton. “We’re going to have to cope with wind chill temperatures as low as -30 deg C and blistering heat of up to 50 deg C. But it’s been fully tested at a secret location and it 100 per cent works,” he added.

The Parajet Skycar is a prototype flying car. It was developed by British paramotor manufacturer Parajet. The flying car utilizes a paramotor and a parafoil attached to a modified dune buggy to achieve sustained level flight. Should the engine fail, the vehicle can glide back to the ground. Should the canopy rip, an emergency reserve parachute would be deployed. It requires three minutes to convert it from a car to an aircraft. The prototype runs on biodiesel and is fully road-legal.

In 2004 British engineer Giles Cardozo, a paramotor manufacturer, has invented a fan-powered flying car to prove the Skycar is real and works. “I started making a paramotor on wheels that you sit on and take off and it suddenly occurred to me, ‘Why not just have a car that does everything?’” Cardozo said. His Wiltshire-based company Parajet built the paramotor that the adventurer Bear Grylls did fly near Everest in 2008. In 1998, Grylls, aged 23, became the youngest British to ascend Mount Everest. In May 2007, Grylls and Cardozo departed from Pheriche, about 32 kilometres south of Mount Everest.

I thought this would be an interesting challenge… Timbuktu is an iconic and quirky destination.

Cardozo has claimed he may finally have made it. “I’ve been dreaming about making flying cars since I was a boy, thinking about all the ways it could be done and seeing how all the other people in the world have done it wrong. No one’s ever made one that really does work that you can go out and buy. But here’s the ultimate solution: it’s cheap, it’s safe, it works, all the technology’s already there. So I pushed ahead and thought, ‘We’ve got to do it’,” he said.

If the Skycar becomes successful, Cardozo’s company plans a limited production with a selling price of £35,000 to £40,000 for a standard model and £60,000 for a high-performance sports version. “It will be a serious aircraft but also a proper road machine, with acceleration to match your average sports car,” says Cardozo. “I’m not going to sell millions of them but even if we sell 20 we’ll be laughing,” he added.

The explorers, with the aid of sponsors, supporters and benefactor Sir Ranulph Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 3rd Baronet OBE (known as ‘Ranulph (Ran) Fiennes’), have aimed to raise more than £100,000 for some charities including an African orphanage.

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Gastric bypass surgery performed by remote control

Sunday, August 21, 2005

A robotic system at Stanford Medical Center was used to perform a laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery successfully with a theoretically similar rate of complications to that seen in standard operations. However, as there were only 10 people in the experimental group (and another 10 in the control group), this is not a statistically significant sample.

If this surgical procedure is as successful in large-scale studies, it may lead the way for the use of robotic surgery in even more delicate procedures, such as heart surgery. Note that this is not a fully automated system, as a human doctor controls the operation via remote control. Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is a treatment for obesity.

There were concerns that doctors, in the future, might only be trained in the remote control procedure. Ronald G. Latimer, M.D., of Santa Barbara, CA, warned “The fact that surgeons may have to open the patient or might actually need to revert to standard laparoscopic techniques demands that this basic training be a requirement before a robot is purchased. Robots do malfunction, so a backup system is imperative. We should not be seduced to buy this instrument to train surgeons if they are not able to do the primary operations themselves.”

There are precedents for just such a problem occurring. A previous “new technology”, the electrocardiogram (ECG), has lead to a lack of basic education on the older technology, the stethoscope. As a result, many heart conditions now go undiagnosed, especially in children and others who rarely undergo an ECG procedure.

Yoga is growing in popularity every single day as one of the best ways to get in great physical shape and rejuvenate the mind and body. However, due to the physical demands of yoga, it is important for every yoga instructor to emphasize yoga student safety in all yoga classes.

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Many yoga newbies make the assumption that yoga is easy and not as physically demanding on the body as other forms of exercise. Just because yoga students are not constantly jumping around and running in place certainly does not demonstrate the intense physical nature of yoga and how serious injury is very possible.

Sprains, bone spurs and nerve damage are just a few examples of how students can become injured when they do not practice yoga properly. While more severe injuries are not commonplace, they do happen. Luckily, there are some very easy steps that instructors can take to ensure safety in their classes.

The first thing an instructor must do is properly teach each yoga pose. In addition to simply demonstrating how to perform the exercise, instructors should always teach the proper way for the body to move and how far it should extend to prevent injury. Instructors should also teach warning signs of possible injury. Some students may not realize the difference in pain that comes from working hard and pain from pushing the body too hard.

It is a common practice for yoga instructors to personally assist their students with yoga poses. This is something that every yoga instructor should do to make sure students are performing poses as they should. This will help students to understand what position their body should be in when performing the pose. Obviously, yoga instructors cannot feel the pain that may be occurring with students during yoga poses and should never push students too hard. Yoga safety really begins with those who teach the instructors.

Another important aspect of teaching yoga safety with students is for the instructor to be familiar with their student’s medical history. If students have existing injuries, certain yoga poses may cause further injury. If the class size is small enough, the instructor can more easily keep track of any history of injury with their students and can advise proper yoga poses throughout the class for individual students. In larger classes, the instructor should be aware of each pose and how it could aggravate injury. For example, if a certain yoga pose may be difficult for someone with a back injury, the yoga instructor should advise students as a group of such potential for injury.

Instructors should always be mindful of the fact that there will be students in their classes who are over-achievers. These students may push themselves a little harder than they should. Good instructors should closely watch all their students and intervene when they feel as though a student is pushing themselves beyond their limits.

Yoga student safety should be the first concern for every yoga instructor before each class begins. A well-educated instructor who has their student’s best interest at heart will ensure a successful and safe yoga experience for everyone.

Faye Martins, is a certified Yoga teacher and a graduate of the Yoga teacher training program at: Aura Wellness Center in, Attleboro, MA. To receive Free Yoga videos, Podcasts, e-Books, reports, and articles about Yoga, please visit: http://www.yoga-teacher-training.org/

Halloween Rituals Disturbing Trends of Black Magic On Halloween Eve



Halloween is usually associated with carved pumpkins and occults. Think of it when it was actually started to keep the supernatural powers at bay. The members of the family and community used to stay awake and lit a fire to keep the ghosts away.

Now the younger generation is misguiding the rituals of Halloween for their own selfish interests. Spanning from the land of the dollar, the USA, to the serene land of Ireland, black magic is performed during the Halloween to harm people.

Voodoo Power

If you posses some feelings of hatred for a nasty colleague or your promiscuous boss, believers of voodoo magic in the US make the most of the Halloween. Prior to the Halloween day, they will make voodoo dolls in the name of the people whom they hate or dislike. The idea is to place the voodoo dolls in a circle of fire and then punish them by piercing needles.

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This tradition was started by the Celts who believed that the voodoo dolls would keep their enemies at bay. In the present scenario, young people in the corporate sector have said to use voodoo dolls to settle their scores.

Black Magic

In the ancient times in Ireland, witch hunting was considered auspicious on the occasion of Halloween. Old wives in the haunted tows of Ireland still practice it as a ritual to be performed during the Halloween season. Housewives and desperate and dumped companions often pay a hefty amount to seek revenge on their partners. They gave away some of their partners belonging like clothes and hair to perform the magic. A pot is placed over a fire with the occults being pronounced loudly in the name of the person to be hunted. Many jilted lovers also perform this act as a desperate measure to get back their partners.

Magic Potion

In England, a popular way of taming animals and even people by magic is through the food. A magic potion is mixed in the food to be consumed by the person concerned to tame him. The idea is to mould the person concerned in their own favor. Usually, this is a popular tactics in the offices and even the royal household in England is not spared. Cults are spread and witches often mix the magical potion to tame the person in their favor and sometimes, to behave and act in a self destructive manner.

Let There Be A Positive Aura

Although there is so much violence and gory bloodshed is spread in the world, people want more. Let the occasion of Halloween be a symbol of positivity instead of gory. If we go back to the 5th century, Halloween was celebrated in Ireland in order to keep away bad spirits. Is it not better to follow natures way rather than get diverted. This Halloween you can present fresh genista yellow flowers to your colleagues and boss as a symbol of positivity. For people whom you hate the most, extend a hand for friendship by sending a bunch of calendula as a token of friendship. The idea is to celebrate the occasion by sticking to its original fervor.

So what are you waiting for? Go ahead and change the meaning of Halloween. The future is in your hands.

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Halloween Rituals Disturbing Trends of Black Magic On Halloween Eve}

Is A Shipping Container Home For You?

A shipping container home is one way to create an affordable place to live and save the planet at the same time. In our current economic and sociological climate, many individuals are looking for ways to have a simpler, less expensive way to live and not leave such an immense carbon footprint. Some creative individuals have come up with a way to do both at the same time. Shipping containers are in ample supply. Rather than merely trashing them, builders are using them to create strong, recycled structures.

Shipping container homes are considered to be the new wave of modular construction. The steel containers are said to be flexible and able to withstand hurricanes, earthquakes and tornadoes. They’ve been shown to be able to remain stable in winds as strong as 100+ miles per hour, especially when anchored to the ground with supportive devices. What’s more, these items can be transported anywhere in the country. They were, after all, originally designed to be shipped.

For specifics on 20ft shipping containers for sale visit that page

These structures are being used in a variety of different ways. Some individuals are transforming them into permanent residences; others are turning them into temporary living quarters, and some are creating guest homes, cabins, and extra rooms for bed and breakfast inns. Designers are helping to create attractive and livable spaces within these former crates. These quarters are plumbed, painted and electricity is added to make them as livable as any building. Bathrooms, kitchens and living spaces, too, are created within these spaces.

Where are all these crates coming from? The United States and other countries import and export a slew of goods back and forth to each other. The products that are shipped come packaged in these containers. U.S. imports more than they send out, so lots of leftover containers are left on American soil. Rather than throw these base structures away, it was discovered that they were the perfect solution to budget housing.

In our current time in history, there are many individuals who are having trouble surviving financially. Many homes are in foreclosure or have mortgages that are underwater. Job layoffs add to the stagnant economy. But everyone still needs a place to live, and shipping containers are the perfect alternative. We also live in a time when individuals are realizing that planetary resources are finite and dwindling. Energy prices have soared and most people are looking for a way to have more efficient lifestyles. Again, shipping containers are the answer. This is the ultimate answer to recycling and frugality. And as if the economy and dwindling planetary resources weren’t enough, another twist that earthlings have been experiencing is freak storms and weather patterns. Tornadoes, earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes have wiped out many houses and lives around the globe. Another benefit of these economical shipping crate homes is that they are able to withstand Mother Nature’s horrific storms like no other building material.

If an individual was interested in turning these recycled steel containers into his or her next home, getaway or guest house, he or she should make a few phone calls. By contacting a designer and company who specializes in these custom digs, a new residence could be right around the corner.

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Planning to get a good facelift surgeon? What are some good ways to spot a top facelift surgeon? Experience, sensitivity, aesthetics, and price are some things that you need to keep in mind.

How do you choose a good surgeon? It isn’t too difficult if you use some common sense and research wisely. It’s important to take your time to consult with a few and honestly evaluate each one’s skills as well as their disadvantages.

Be careful not to be swayed by glitzy ads or lofty promises as there are plenty of quacks looking to capitalize on the insecure. These four features can help you sort out the top facelift surgeons from the bottom feeders.

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This cosmetic procedure has evolved over the years and now encompasses many different techniques and technologies. It’s important that the surgeon you choose is keeping up to date on the latest cosmetic developments and has many years of experience behind him.

An experienced facelift surgeon is less likely to make common errors and has worked with a wide variety of patients. They have often dealt with more difficult surgeries as well as experimented with different techniques. Remember that experience isn’t necessary a reflection of age. Inquire about how many procedures the doctor performs annually.


It may sound strange, but a sensitive facelift surgeon will inspire more confidence and comfort than one who seems ambivalent or removed from your individual case. Most surgeons must visit with hundreds of patients every year, so it’s no wonder that some burn out and lose interest.

He maintains sensitivity towards each patient’s individual needs shows integrity and experience. While insensitive or abrasive surgeons (and yes, there are more than you think) may also perform great surgeries, but might cause you undue stress when dealing with them.


We’ve all seen victims of poorly performed cosmetic surgeries. Overenthusiastic (or perhaps just shortsighted) surgeons hack, pull, and stretch the face until it resembles a taut piece of saran wrap rather than youthful skin.

A good doctor has aesthetic taste and vision that is similar to your own. After consulting with a few surgeons, you may find that some differ in their approach or opinion in how conservative or dramatic the surgery results should be. It’s important to choose the facelift surgeon that provides results as close to your goals as possible. This might necessitate shopping around for a while, but is well worth the effort.


The cost of cosmetic procedures can vary widely. The price is dependent on a number of factors including the individual, location, and popularity of the surgeon. High profile surgeons, such as those used by celebrities, tend to have prices that can be three to five times higher than those that deal with the less privileged portion of the population. Don’t confuse expensive surgery with great results though.

More modestly priced surgeons may not have the glamour surrounding their practice or a list of famous clientelePsychology Articles, but they might have similar results for a fraction of the cost. Many people are also flying to other countries in order to capitalize on the low exchange rates as well as the chance to recover in an exotic location.
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Rajasthan is the largest state of India. There are several movers companies in Rajasthan offering relocation and shifting related services like packing, unpacking, loading, unloading, unpacking, furniture packing, industrial equipment packing & moving, local household shifting, domestic shifting and international shifting. Cities like Jaipur and Jodhpur are big hub for companies who provide comprehensive range of relocation and shifting related services.

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Moving companies from Jaipur and Jodhpur are well known among their clients or customers for their quality services at economical rate. Most of all movers companies from Jaipur and Jodhpur have long experiences in the industry of transportation and relocation. Most of all service providers are registered and licensed. So they are reliable for transportation and relocation. A reputed and experienced moving company from Jaipur or Jodhpur can make your shifting from one destination to another very easy, hassle free and comfortable.

One can hire any one of shifting related service provider companies from Jaipur and Jodhpur for their home shifting or office relocation. But be sure service provider should be experienced and reliable. If the company is economical as well then it is delightful shifting experience. Almost all the moving companies from Jaipur and Jodhpur have dedicated team of expert professionals. Such professionals are well-versed in packing, loading, unloading, and unpacking of your valuable goods. When it comes to packing of your valuable goods expert professionals perform their job with great care without making any damage at all.

Expert workers from reputed packers and movers Jodhpur and Jaipur based companies use quality materials to pack your household goods. They use packing materials like cartons, boxes, wrapping tapes, and cover sheets, etc of good quality. Good packing of goods is very essential part in all kind of relocation situation. Good packing of goods prevents goods from being damaged. Loading, unloading and unpacking are also done with utmost care.

Most of all the reputed packers movers Jaipur and Jodhpur based companies have their own vehicles like trucks, goods carriers, tempos, car trailers, etc for the proper transportation of goods to their respective destination. They have expert drivers for the transportation of goods. They have modern packing and unpacking and loading & unloading equipments to provide you quality services.

Almost all the reputed packers and movers Jaipur companies or Jodhpur companies are able to handle all kind of relocation and shifting situations. Some of major services provided by packers and movers Jodhpur and Jaipur companies are residential relocation, industrial relocation, corporate relocation, trade show relocation, door to door relocation, local household shifting, domestic shifting, international shifting, cargo services, air cargo services, car carrier & transportation, ware housing & storage facilities, logistic services, freight forwarding, insurance coverage, etc. Thus any kind of relocation situation can be handled with the help any one of reputed moving companies from Jaipur or Jodhpur.

Some of reputed moving companies from Jodhpur and Jaipur also provide packing tips, moving tips, and moving planning, etc free or nominal cost. Economical and quality packing and moving services have made Rajasthan moving companies very popular among their clients or customers. So people looking for a reputed moving company in Rajasthan or India may consider about hiring the moving company from Jaipur or Jodhpur for hassle free and comfortable shifting.

Author Bio:

Michael Braganza is an amateur writer focusing primarily on Business related topics. For more information Packers Movers and Packers and Movers to visit http://www.indiamoverspackers.com

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Dairy cattle with names produce more milk, according to new study

Thursday, January 29, 2009

Giving a cow a name and treating her as an individual with “more personal touch” can increase milk production, so says a scientific research published in the online “Anthrozoos,” which is described as a “multidisciplinary journal of the interactions of people and animals”.

The Newcastle University‘s School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development’s (of the Newcastle University Faculty of Science, Agriculture and Engineering) researchers have found that farmers who named their dairy cattle Ermintrude, Daisy, La vache qui rit, Buttercup, Betsy, or Gertrude, improved their overall milk yield by almost 500 pints (284 liters) annually. It means therefore, an average-sized dairy farm’s production increases by an extra 6,800 gallons a year.

“Just as people respond better to the personal touch, cows also feel happier and more relaxed if they are given a bit more one-to-one attention,” said Dr Catherine Douglas, lead researcher of the university’s School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development. “By placing more importance on the individual, such as calling a cow by her name or interacting with the animal more as it grows up, we can not only improve the animal’s welfare and her perception of humans, but also increase milk production,” she added.

Drs Douglas and Peter Rowlinson have submitted the paper’s conclusion: “What our study shows is what many good, caring farmers have long since believed. Our data suggests that, on the whole, UK dairy farmers regard their cows as intelligent beings capable of experiencing a range of emotions.” The scientific paper also finds that “if cows are slightly fearful of humans, they could produce [the hormone] cortisol, which suppresses milk production,” Douglas noted. “Farmers who have named their cows, probably have a better relationship with them. They’re less fearful, more relaxed and less stressed, so that could have an effect on milk yield,” she added.

South Norfolk goldtop-milk producer Su Mahon, one of the country’s top breeder of Jersey dairy herds, agreed with Newcastle’s findings. “We treat all our cows like one of the family and maybe that’s why we produce more milk,” said Mrs Mahon. “The Jersey has got a mind of its own and is very intelligent. We had a cow called Florence who opened all the gates and we had to get the welder to put catches on to stop her. One of our customers asked me the other day: ‘Do your cows really know their names?’ I said: I really haven’t a clue. We always call them by their names – Florence or whatever. But whether they really do, goodness knows,” she added.

The researchers’ comparative study of production from the country’s National Milk Records reveals that “dairy farmers who reported calling their cows by name got 2,105 gallons (7,938 liters) out of their cows, compared with 2,029 gallons (7,680 liters) per 10-month lactation cycle, and regardless of the farm size or how much the cows were fed. (Some 46 percent of the farmers named their cows.)”

The Newcastle University team which has interviewed 516 UK dairy farmers, has discovered that almost half – 48% – called the cows by name, thereby cutting stress levels and reported a higher milk yield, than the 54% that did not give their cattle names and treated as just one of a herd. The study also reveals cows were made more docile while being milked.

“We love our cows here at Eachwick, and every one of them has a name,” said Dennis Gibb, with his brother Richard who co-owns Eachwick Red House Farm outside of Newcastle. “Collectively, we refer to them as ‘our ladies,’ but we know every one of them and each one has her own personality. They aren’t just our livelihood, they’re part of the family,” Gibb explained.

“My brother-in-law Bobby milks the cows and nearly all of them have their own name, which is quite something when there are about 200 of them. He would be quite happy to talk about every one of them. I think this research is great but I am not at all surprised by it. When you are working with cows on a daily basis you do get to know them individually and give then names.” Jackie Maxwell noted. Jackie and her husband Neill jointly operate the award-winning Doddington Dairy at Wooler, Doddington, Northumberland, which makes organic ice cream and cheeses with milk from its own Friesian cows.

But Marcia Endres, a University of Minnesota associate professor of dairy science, has criticized the Newcastle finding. “Individual care is important and could make a difference in health and productivity. But I would not necessarily say that just giving cows a name would be a foolproof indicator of better care,” she noted. According to a 2007 The Scientist article, named or otherwise, dairy cattle make six times more milk today than they did in the 1990s. “One reason is growth hormone that many U.S. farmers now inject their cows with to increase their milk output; another is milking practices that extend farther into cows’ pregnancies, according to the article; selective breeding also makes for lots of lactation,” it states.

Critics claimed the research was flawed and confused a correlation with causation. “Basically they asked farmers how to get more milk and whatever half the farmers said was the conclusion,” said Hank Campbell, author of Scientific Blogging. In 1996, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs provided for a complex new cattle passport system where farmers were issued with passport identities. The first calf born under the new regime were given names like “UK121216100001.”

Dr Douglas, however, counters that England doesn’t permit dairy cattle to be injected hormones. The European Union and Canada have banned recombinant bovine growth hormone (rGBH), which increases mastitis infection, requiring antibiotics treatment of infected animals. According to the Center for Food Safety, rGBH-treated cows also have higher levels of the hormone insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), which may be associated with cancer.

In August 2008, Live Science published a study which revealed that cows have strange sixth sense of magnetic direction and are not as prone to cow-tipping. It cited a study of Google Earth satellite images which shows that “herds of cattle tend to face in the north-south direction of Earth’s magnetic lines while grazing or resting.”

Newcastle University is a research intensive university in Newcastle upon Tyne in the north-east of England. It was established as a School of Medicine and Surgery in 1834 and became the “University of Newcastle upon Tyne” by an Act of Parliament in August 1963.

The School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development is a school of the Newcastle University Faculty of Science, Agriculture and Engineering, a faculty of Newcastle University. It was established in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne as the College of Physical Science in 1871 for the teaching of physical sciences, and was part of Durham University. It existed until 1937 when it joined the College of Medicine to form King’s College, Durham.